There is a lot of discussion regarding the true origins of blackjack as a game – and although there isn’t a correct date nor location, many of the history experts can confirm that the first origins of blackjack rest in 1700’s in France. The cards themselves were called Vinght-et-Un (which translated means 21), and researchers have some consensus that the cards derived from French Ferme and Chemin de Fer games, both of which were incredibly popular in the 1700’s.
It doesn’t come as a surprise that the game was a royal one, played in the French Royal Court during the time of King Louis XV.
The secret behind the popularity of blackjack in the olden days lied in the French colonist – they traveled a lot and expanded the game throughout Europe and eventually North America. However, you should know that these rudimental forms of Blackjack had different rules than the ones we know of now. For instance, in some games (there were different variations in Spain and Italy of the game), the dealer’s second card was visible, whereas, in many of the games, the dealer was allowed to choose for his own game.
A notable point in the development and acceptance of blackjack amongst the general masses was its legalization and acceptance in gambling establishments. As such, New Orleans is the oldest location in America where you could’ve seen people playing blackjack in regular gambling halls, in the 1820s.
The best years for blackjack and casinos, in general, is the 20th century. First, they changed the name from 21 to blackjack. Next, casinos were increasing in popularity thanks to the legalization of gambling and they defined the game rules in detail, and these rules remain today. Since it is so popular, in 1957 the first blackjack card counters took advantage of the fresh game and started counting cards, and there were books written too; even the masterpiece “Beat the Dealer” was published this year by Edward O. Thorp in 1962. Although this book and these strategies are probably the most helpful and thorough, they are pointless as modern blackjack games are played with multiple decks.
Now, you can play blackjack at both traditional casinos and in casino websites.